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Strain' 'J.N. Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus.American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood.It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). Oriental Hornbeam. The American Hornbeam is botanically called Carpinus caroliniana. Upright' 'Pendula' Ball O'Fire ™ Fire King ™ Firespire ® Native Flame ® Palisade ® Rising Fire ® virginiana. virginiana is the more northerly variant. Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone. 77 Search Results. This location of the arboretum can be soggy for a week at a time, whenever the campus gets a heavy rain. Individual Locations for Carpinus caroliniana: More Locations (To display plant details, click the number in the table.) F. T. Metzger. subsp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow. Other names include blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and water beech. Betulaceae -- Birch family. Photo by Rob Duval. It will tolerate flooding. Carpinus caroliniana: American Hornbeam 4 Canker, caused by several fungi, causes infected branches to die back, and entire trees die if the trunk is infected and girdled. Exploring the woods in the winter — when I don’t have to worry about ticks — makes it one of my favorite seasons. hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana. 1 - 50 of 77. Send by email Printer-friendly version. American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Musclewood, Ironwood, Water Beech . wide; rounded or slightly wedge-shaped at the base, pointed; sharply, regularly, and prettily double-toothed; veins in twelve to fifteen pairs; dark Young Carpinus caroliniana in a landscape setting. The foliage, bark, and fruits are important food for lots of different songbirds, as well as squirrels, grouse, turkeys, foxes, cottontails, and beavers. It is also occasionally known as blue-beech. Scientific name: Carpinus betulus. Image Source: Karren Wcisel, TreeTopics.com Image Date: October 20, 2007 Image File Name: american_hornbeam_2529.png Flower/Fruit: Description: Most of the nutlets fall off in autumn and are a favorite food source for a variety of wildlife. The alternate, simple leaves are double-toothed and small (1-4 inches). The fruit of Carpinus caroliniana is a nutlet that is concealed by leaf-like bracts. Soon the lead will stop flying and it will again be safe to go back into the Arkansas woods. Nursery Availability. Carpinus caroliniana leaf fruit.jpg The fruit and smooth, muscular bark of the American hornbeam readily separate this tree from hop hornbeam. Els involucres són de tija curta, generalment formats per 3 lòbuls. Three years later, Thomas Walter named the tree from South Carolina as Carpinus caroliniana. FRUIT: IDENTIFICATION KEY: The American hornbeam was first described in 1785 as C.betulus var. The leaves of Carpinus caroliniana are shaped like a long oval (referred to in botanical books as an oblong ovate shape) with a pointed tip and a base that is often uneven. General Information. Category: Trees. American hornbeam, more ... Paul Drobot . Carpinus L. (Betulaceae) A genus of about twenty-six species of trees; of temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, extending southward to se. Carpinus orientalis Mill. Origin: native. Ovate, sharply-toothed, dark green leaves (to 5” long) are clean and attractive throughout the growing season with little susceptibility to foliar diseases. New leaves emerge reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then turn yellow to orange-red in the fall, offering a kaleidoscope of color throughout the year. Summer. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The muscle-like bark is smooth, gray and fluted. Pests & Disease Information. Ironwood is a small to medium-sized (twenty to thirty-five feet) deciduous, understory tree that grows in woods throughout Eastern North America. Carpinus caroliniana +, Musclewood, American Hornbeam, Blue-beech, Ironwood. Cada involucre cobreix lleugerament una petita nou ovalada. Scientific name: Carpinus caroliniana Pronunciation: kar-PYE-nus kair-oh-lin-ee-AY-nuh Common name(s): American hornbeam, blue-beech, ironwood Family: Betulaceae USDA hardiness zones: 3A through 9A (Figure 2) Origin: native to the majority of the eastern United States, southeast Quebec, and southwest Ontario UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Carpinus caroliniana - American Hornbeam Hear the scientific name. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. The tree likes Sun to shade at the location and the soil should be fresh humus soils. Family: Betulaceae . Carpinus caroliniana. The smooth gray bark gives Carpinus the names "water-beech" and "blue-beech", the fluted, sinewy appearance of the trunk the name "muscle-tree", and the very hard, heavy wood the name "ironwood." Synonyms: C. duinensis Scop. Carpinus caroliniana; autumn color. The twigs are brown-grey and slightly hairy and the leaf buds are similar to beech, only shorter and slightly curved at the tips. The trunk and branches of this tree have ridges that look like muscles. Tree Site Conditions & Constraints. Carpinus caroliniana Hazelnut family (Corylaceae) Description: This small tree usually has a single trunk that is often crooked and a broad rounded crown; it is up to 35' tall. A small tree, or a large shrub, sometimes found in a wild state as a scrubby bush; young shoots covered with fine silky down. Map Help More Plant Locations ^Top of Page. Carpinus caroliniana; fruit detail. Young American Hornbeam. long, 1 ⁄ 2 to 1 in. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in November. Existeixen dues subespècies,: Carpinus caroliniana subsp. Carpinus caroliniana Walt.. American Hornbeam. Subdivisions. Scientific Name: Carpinus L. (Betulaceae) caroliniana T. Walt. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 12 m (39 ft) high. Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade. Winkler's 1904 monograph of the Betulaceae recognizes Carpinus caroliniana as only being found in North America. hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. American Hornbeam - Carpinus caroliniana Birch Family (Betulaceae) Introduction: A fine-textured tree that is related to the birches, American hornbeam is the only North American native of the genus Carpinus. Susceptible to Armillaria and Root Rot. Pages. 25-30 feet in height with an equal or slightly larger spread. Resistant to Verticillium. The tree is called musclewood because the trunk and stems look like flexed muscles. Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam, musclewood, ironwood) is a small hardwood tree. 1). straight species Carpinus caroliniana fruit at maturity. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Clay or Loam Texture. This species was described by Bean (B506, S143) and Krüssmann (K279). It has handsome, smooth-textured, rippling bark (“Musclewood”) and alternate, doubly-serrated, oval leaves with a corrugated texture. It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9. The fruit is called a winged nutlet which is attached to three-pointed leafy bracts. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow-green. Carpinus caroliniana. Location Map for Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam; Ironwood; Musclewood) - 10 Map Locations Found Click a marker pin or a green plant 'dot' for details. Carpinus caroliniana Walter American Hornbeam, Ironwood. Fruit—Carpinus caroliniana: American hornbeam Credits: Gary Kling Figure 7. Media in category "Carpinus caroliniana" The following 46 files are in this category, out of 46 total. Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH. American botanists seldom make a distinction between varieties of their native Carpinus caroliniana, which seems reasonable, but subsp. Leaves ovate, 1 to 2 in. American Hornbeam - Carpinus caroliniana: The spring ironwood tree has small green leaves on the branches. It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida. American hornbeam is a wonderful addition to a natural landscape. The deep green alternate leaves are 2½ to 4 inches long and half that in width, resembling those of the American beech Fagus grandifolia), but with distinctively double serrated margins. Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 17. A15-1-Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam).JPG 1,936 × 2,592; 2.31 MB Not all of the wild edibles can produce the best-tasting and most plentiful foods, but many can make their small contribution. Amerikanische Hainbuche: Früchte (Carpinus caroliniana, Familie: Betulaceae) Foto © Baumkunde.de, Bestimmung Früchte von Amerikanische Hainbuche The American hornbeam is a native forest understory tree in the Chicago area, making it useful for shady landscapes and naturalized or woodland gardens. The trunk is up to 1¼' across; it is somewhat fluted and appears muscular, hence the common name. It requires a warm climate for good growth, and occurs only at elevations up to 1,000 metres (3,281 ft). British author Ray Mears must have been thinking of the Hornbeam when he said a forager mustn’t pass up food no matter how meager. Family: Betulaceae. Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam;” caroliniana means “of Carolina.” Common Name. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Environmental Characteristics. American Hornbeam1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A handsome tree in many locations, the tree slowly reaches a height and spread of 20 to 30 feet (Fig. This Carpinus caroliniana was collected from Walter Jacobs Nature Park in the spring of 1994 and planted in this bed of Louisiana irises in November 1995. Litter Issue is Dry Fruit. Common hornbeam is a deciduous, broadleaf tree which has pale grey bark with vertical markings, and sometimes a short, twisted trunk which develops ridges with age. caroliniana. Fruit: Raïms d'involucres, pengen de l'extrem de les branques frondoses. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Carpinus betulus, the European or common hornbeam, is a species of tree in the birch family Betulaceae, native to Western Asia and central, eastern, and southern Europe, including southern England. Scientific Name. Carpinus caroliniana Figure 1. Carpinus caroliniana: Musclewood. virginiana by Humphrey Marshall. Related Plants 'J.N. Hornbeam refers to the dense, horn-like wood, and the use of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes. Asia and Central America. Carpinus caroliniana is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. Carpinus caroliniana. Wet to Moist Soil. Light: Part shade Hardy To Zone: 3b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to neutral soil (pH 5.0 to 7.4) Moisture Tolerance: Occasionally saturated or very wet soil; Consistently moist, well-drained soil; Occasional periods of dry soil See graphic below Bark —Carpinus caroliniana: American hornbeam Credits: Gitta Hasing. These are quite distinct and very hard to describe. Figure 6. 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